‘Morioka-pendula’ (盛岡枝垂, Morioka-shidare), ‘Pendula’ (枝垂大臭桜), Shidare-ookusai-zakura, ‘Perpendens’ (枝垂染井吉野, Shidare-somei-yoshino), This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 12:38. II. It is espeically attracitve used as a foundation plant with red brick walls, contrasting the white and red. form a strategic partnership called N.C.  It is a clone from a single tree, and propagated by grafting to all over the world. Most studies show that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan). As the flowers wane, the oval-shaped, dark green leaves emerge and create a fresh summer canopy. Yoshino cherry trees on Pilgrim Hill in Central Park in New York City. In 1986, Takafumi Kaneko et al. In 1995, Hideki Innan et al. The Yoshino cherry is a fast growing tree in the first 20 years of its life, then slows down a bit, ultimately reaching heights of 12 meters or a bit more (~40-45 feet), and nearly as much wide. Yoshino Cherry has a broader canopy with 70%-80% of glands in touch with the blade. They are planted in the Tidal Basin park.  However, after Ernest Henry Wilson suggested Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between Prunus subhirtella var. conducted molecular analysis using nuclear simple sequence repeat (SSR) polymorphisms to trace cultivar origins and Bayesian clustering based on the STRUCTURE analysis using SSR genotypes revealed that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between, In 2015, Ikuo Nakamura et al. It is the most commonly planted cherry tree in the Washington D.C. area. Leaves are 2.5-4.5 inches in size and have a yellow to gold fall color. Bright green leaves are alternate, simple, elliptic, acuminate, rotund to broadly cuneate, serrate with inconspicuous short-stalked glands borne on tooth apex, and veins are pubescent below. It works well as a street or shade tree in urban landscapes as it does not grow too large. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. carried out restriction endonuclease analysis on chloroplast ctDNA. Yoshino Cherry is a small deciduous grafted flowering cherry tree native to Japan. Many cultivars have been selected; notable examples include 'Akebono', 'Ivensii', and 'Shidare Yoshino'.. In 1900, Yorinaga Fujino [ja] gave the Yoshino cherry the name Somei-yoshino after the famous place of cultivation, Somei village (current day Toshima).  It occurs as a natural or artificial hybrid in Japan, and is now one of the most popular and widely planted cultivated flowering cherries (sakura) in temperate climates worldwide. Yoshino cherry, largest in Kasugayama forest, Nara. Prunus × yedoensis, Prunus × yedoensis 'Somei-yoshino' or Yoshino cherry (Japanese: 染井吉野 Somei Yoshino) (synonym Cerasus × yedoensis) is a hybrid cherry of between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) as father plant and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan) as mother. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement.  This is sometimes rendered as 'Somei-Yoshino'. Fruits attract birds and tree is larval host to butterflies. , The Yoshino cherry has no scientific cultivar name because it is the original cultivar of this hybrid species Prunus × yedoensis. , Yoshino cherry is believed to be endemic to Yoshino District, Nara. Inferences, from morphological classification and STRUCTURE analysis, on the origins of Japanese flowering cherry cultivars, "DNA fingerprinting study on the intraspecific variation and the origin of Prunus yedoensis (Someiyoshino)", "Analyses of clonal status in 'Somei-yoshino' and confirmation of genealogical record in other cultivars of Prunus ×yedoensis by microsatellite markers", "95 Prunus yedoensis var. Prunus × yedoensis is a small, deciduous tree that grows to be 5 to 12 meters (16–39 ft) (rarely 15 meters (49 ft)) tall at maturity. Flowers are pure or snow-white in color for 2-3 weeks. The fruit, a small cherry, is a globose drupe 8 to 10 millimeters (0.31–0.39 in) in diameter; they are an important source of food for many small birds and mammals, including robins and thrushes. analyzed sequences of, In 1908, a French missionary Taquet discovered a native cherry in Jeju islands, Korea and in 1912 a German botanist, In 1933, the Japanese botanist Gen'ichi Koizumi reported that Yoshino cherry originated on, In 1995 DNA fingerprinting technology was used to conclude that Yoshino cherry grown in many parts of Japan under the name, In 2007, a study conducted on the comparison of Japanese Yoshino cherry and Korean. Although the fruit contain little flesh, it contains much concentrated red juice which can stain clothing and bricks. ascendens (Edo higan) and Prunus lannesiana (Oshima zakura) in 1916, Yoshino cherry came to be called Prunus × yedoensis. The uniform crown has a spreading, rounded, inverted vase shape with fine branching. , Media related to Prunus × yedoensis at Wikimedia Commons, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Genetic characterization of flowering cherries (, Online Resource 5. it is 5-6 flowered. The flowers emerge before the leaves in early spring; they are fragrant, 3 to 3.5 centimeters (1.2–1.4 in) in diameter, with five white or pale pink petals.  The National Cherry Blossom Festival is a spring celebration in Washington, D.C., commemorating the 1912 gift of Japanese cherry trees from Tokyo to the city of Washington. The leaves are alternately arranged, 6 to 15 centimeters (2.4–5.9 in) long and 4 to 7 centimeters (1.6–2.8 in) broad, with a serrated margin; they are often bronze-toned when newly emerged, becoming dark green by summer.
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